The LCM model guides an instructor in maintaining a learner-centric approach while planning, designing and conducting their MOOC. A learner-centric approach places a learner or a group of learners at the centre of the construction of knowledge and has its roots in constructivist philosophies. Key aspects include addressing the needs, goals and interests of diverse learners, social interaction and peer-learning, and frequent opportunities for practice and feedback via formative assessment activities.
The LCM model consists of learner-centric structural elements: Learning Dialogs, Learning by Doing activities, Learning Experience Interactions and Learning Extension Trajectories, and the dynamics of Orchestration. The design principles and activity constructors help MOOC instructors design the above structural elements for their course and ensure that the associated dynamic interactions amongst learners, instructor, and content will be incorporated.